7. How Does Plato’s Euthyphro Dialogue Challenge Divine Command Theory?

7. How Does Plato’s Euthyphro Dialogue Challenge Divine Command Theory?

What is Plato’s euthyphro dilemma in relation to divine morals?

Roughly, it is the view that there are no moral standards other than God’s will: without God’s commands, nothing would be right or wrong.

What does the euthyphro dialogue teach us about?

The dialogue form is ideal for this kind of teaching; it shows Socrates leading Euthyphro through Euthyphro’s own reasoning, and thereby letting Euthyphro sort things out for himself. The definition that Euthyphro holds equates what is holy with what is approved of by the gods.

What is an argument against divine command theory?

An argument often used against divine command theory is the problem of abhorrent acts. Divine command supports the possibility of God being able to command abhorrent acts if He so chooses, which would mean (for example) that murder, rape, and genocide would be morally acceptable.

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What is the problem with divine command theory?

Thus, divine command theory gives us reason to worry that God’s commands are arbitrary as universal moral standards of action. They may or may not be benevolent, loving, or have any other property we consider morally praiseworthy, and they may in fact be cruel and harsh. Divine command theory makes no guarantees.

What is the purpose of the euthyphro dilemma?

The Euthyphro Dilemma is a philosophical problem concenred with a view of morality related to theism. The Euthyphro Dilemma asks: do the gods love good action because it is good, or is good action good because it is loved by the gods? The problem comes from Plato’s Euthyphro, and is asked by Socrates to Euthyphro.

How do you solve the euthyphro dilemma?

One possible response to the Euthyphro Dilemma is to simply accept that if God does command cruelty, then inflicting it upon others would be morally obligatory.

What is the main theme of the dialogue euthyphro?

The Nature of Piety The Euthyphro, like Plato’s other early dialogues, contains a failed attempt to successfully define a concept (such as justice or virtue) by way of a discussion between Socrates and another character.

What can we learn from euthyphro?

Euthyphro has the reputation of being a wise person, a diviner, and a soothsayer. As a teacher, he gives instruction on moral and political matters, as well as the practical problems of everyday living. The discussion that is carried on between Socrates and Euthyphro takes place on the porch of King Archon.

Which God does euthyphro use as an example?

Zeus is the best and most just of all the gods, and so if he behaves rightly in imprisoning his father for injustice, Euthyphro should be lauded for following this example.

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Why is divine command theory true?

If God created human beings, then God has an absolute claim on our obedience. If God has an absolute claim on our obedience, then we should always obey God’s commands. 4. Therefore, the Divine Command theory is true.

What is the deepest problem with saying God wills it because it is good?

However, the first option (i.e. God commands it because it is good) has one serious problem. It sets up a standard of goodness separate from God. That is, it makes God a middle man. This is a problem because most monotheists believe God is the omnipotent source of all goodness.

How does divine command theory define good?

The theory asserts that good actions are morally good as a result of their being commanded by God, and many religious believers subscribe to some form of divine command theory. Because of these premises, adherents believe that moral obligation is obedience to God’s commands; what is morally right is what God desires.

What is Contractarianism theory?

“ Contractarianism ” names both a political theory of the legitimacy of political authority and a moral theory about the origin or legitimate content of moral norms. The moral theory of contractarianism claims that moral norms derive their normative force from the idea of contract or mutual agreement.

What might be a problem for divine command theory quizlet?

God might not exist. There are two problems with Divine Command Theory. First that it requires God’s Commandment and second The logical Problem as illustrated in “Euthyphro”. Explain the second problem, the logical one.

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What would a divine command ethicist say is the moral thing to do here?

What would a divine command ethicist say is the moral thing to do here? A divine command ethicist would say that God chooses what is morally right and wrong in this situation. According to Rachels and Rachels (2019), God has given us the power to make choices of our own free will.


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