Describe Divine Eternity And Explain How It Undermines Boethius Argument Against Human Freedom.?

Describe Divine Eternity And Explain How It Undermines Boethius Argument Against Human Freedom.?

What is Boethius solution to the problem of divine foreknowledge?

The Boethian Solution: Denying Premise 2 By Re-Defining ‘Eternal’: Boethius (~500 AD) pointed out a problem with premise 3. Theists typically believe that God is ETERNAL. This does not mean means that God is immortal, existing at all times because He is IN time. Rather, it means that God exists outside of time.

How can man have free will consider God foreknowledge Boethius?

In Book V of his Consolation, Boethius raises a classic philosophical problem: how can people freely choose their actions if God knows everything that will happen beforehand? Therefore, He can know things that humans consider to not have happened yet, and He can do so without causing those things to happen.

Is divine omniscience compatible with human free will?

Anthony Kenny argues in his book The God of the Philosophers that Divine foreknowledge is incompatible with indeterministic free will and he favours a deterministic notion of freedom. 1 He makes this move largely because of his objections to Plantinga which I will discuss in section vni.

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What is the strongest argument for the incompatibility of omniscience and free will?

The argument from free will, also called the paradox of free will or theological fatalism, contends that omniscience and free will are incompatible and that any conception of God that incorporates both properties is therefore inconceivable.

Why is fatalism wrong?

Thus, the basic flaw in fatalism is that it can become a form of nihilism. It can become a belief that nothing has meaning, nothing can be known, nothing that we do makes any difference. It can become a belief that nothing is worth fighting for, that nothing is worth living for.

How can God be omniscient and allow free will?

God is omniscient and His knowledge is timeless—that is, God knows timelessly all that has happened, is happening, and will happen. Therefore, if He knows timelessly that a person will perform such-and-such an action, then it is impossible for that person not to perform that action.

Does God give us free will?

God remains free in choosing how to love, but the fact that God loves and therefore gives freedom/agency to others is a necessary part of what it means to be divine.

Why does God give us free will if he knows everything?

So God created that which we would use to counter God’s plan. God knows the plan, as the belief goes, so he created us knowing the plan, and knowing if we would /could alter the plan. He / She created everything. So humans do have free will, albeit limited, and God has foreknowledge, albeit limited to what COULD happen.

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What is an example of free will?

For example, being in prison means you are not free to paint the town red. Being in a straitjacket means you are not free to wave hello. Being paralyzed means not being able to move your limbs. Free will means being free to try to escape (or not), to try to wave (or not), to try to move your limbs (or not).

What is divine omniscience?

Omniscience is an attribute having to do with knowledge; it is the attribute of “having knowledge of everything.” Many philosophers consider omniscience to be an attribute possessed only by a divine being, such as the God of Western monotheism.

What is divine eternity?

Addresses the coherence of the idea ‘ divine timeless eternity ‘. In particular, its relation to divine simplicity and the implications of it for God’s relation to what is temporal. It is denied that eternity is a kind of simultaneity, and that if God is related to a temporal universe, then he also must be temporal.

Are free will and foreknowledge compatible?

If there is a being who infallibly knows everything that will happen in the future, no human being has any control over the future. Incompatibilists accept the incompatibility of infallible foreknowledge and human free will and deny either infallible foreknowledge or free will in the sense targeted by the argument.

What religion believes in predetermination?

Predestination, in Christianity, the doctrine that God has eternally chosen those whom he intends to save.

Is omniscience a paradox?

Omnipotence is only one of the attributes of God which has been thought to lead to paradox; another is omniscience. Omniscience seems, at first glance, easy to define: for a being to be omniscient is for that being to know all the truths.

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What is libertarian freedom?

Libertarians seek to maximize autonomy and political freedom, emphasizing free association, freedom of choice, individualism and voluntary association. Libertarians share a skepticism of authority and state power, but some Libertarians diverge on the scope of their opposition to existing economic and political systems.


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